Cover Crop Selection, Planting Tips, Tools, & Techniques for Small-Scale Organic Vegetable Farms on California’s Central Coast

Soil Preparation

In many ways planting a cover, the crop is similar to planting a cash crop. Good soil preparation is critical: it provides good soil tilth and drainage and allows for accurate and uniform seed placement. The time and effort that go into soil preparation prior to cover crop planting are directly related to the quality and uniformity of the cover crop stand and its ability to outcompete weeds, establish a strong, deep root system, and produce optimal biomass. Factors to consider when preparing the ground for cover crop planting include:

  • cropping and tillage history
  • soil type
  • time of year
  • soil moisture content
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  • type and amount of residue to incorporate
  • planting method (broadcast or drill)
  • type and seed size of cover crop to be planted (i.e., cereal, legume, mustard)
  • method of covering
  • the extent of soil compaction
  • timing in relation to predicted rainfall events Timing is often the single most important factor in determining the extent of ground preparation prior to cover crop planting. If there is adequate time between cash crop removal and cover crop planting this can be a good window to get in and level field ends. This “unleveled” field ends result from soil movement during discing, bed shaping, and cultivation passes throughout the production season and can result in non-uniform drainage and puddling issues that will directly impact cover crop stand uniformity and weed growth.More Info About 7starmovie

Generally speaking the smaller the cover crop seed size the more care is required to prepare a good seedbed with adequate soil particle size. This will facilitate shallow planting depths, good water infiltration, and uniform germination. You Get all Info About Fast Food Restaurant

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Cereal cover crops generally require less intensive soil preparation, are less sensitive to the depth of planting, out-compete weeds better, and can handle compaction better than the mustards and legume mixes. Soil preparation will depend in part on the preceding crop:

  • Following low-residue crops with minimal compaction and low residual moisture (e.g., winter squash), preparation may only require flail mowing and a single pass with an offset disc and ring roller to adequately prepare the ground for either drilling or broadcasting cover crop seed (see discussion of both techniques, below).Watch Bollywood and Hollywood Full Movies iBomma
  • Following high-residue crops grown on beds (e.g., sweet corn), preparation may require flail mowing and numerous passes with an offset disc and ring roller to knock down the beds and sufficiently incorporate the residue prior to planting a cover crop.
  • Following overwintered, intensively managed crops (e.g., strawberries), preparation may require multiple passes with an offset disc and ring roller to knock down the beds followed by chiseling or ripping to break up deep furrow compaction created by harvest foot traffic and tractor tires More Info About worldfree4u

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